RLST 152 - Lecture 25 - Ecclesiastical Institutions: Unity, Martyrs, and Bishops
Lecture 25 - Ecclesiastical Institutions: Unity, Martyrs, and Bishops
The Epistle of Jude can be dated to somewhere during post-apostolic Christianity and before the formation of the Canon. It refers to the apostles as representing a prior generation, yet it quotes from texts later excluded (perhaps, for example, by 2 Peter) from the Canon. The letters of Ignatius of Antioch contain evidence of a move toward the institutionalization of early Christianity. It mentions, for example, three different church offices: bishops, presbyters, and deacons. It also heavily emphasizes the authority held by those with these titles. The Didache contains liturgical and ritual instructions for rites such as baptism, the Lord's Prayer, and the Eucharist. All these documents show the change in early Christianity toward greater church structure and institutionalization.
Ehrman, Bart D. The New Testament: A Historical Introduction to the Early Christian Writings, pp. 435-468
Bible: The Letter of Jude; 2 Peter; The Letter of Ignatius
The Didache of the Twelve Apostles