PHIL 181 - Lecture 23 - Social Structures
Lecture 23 - Social Structures
Professor Gendler begins by recapping the topic of state legitimacy and then offers a way of understanding the disagreement between Rawls and Nozick as one over what states ought to do given the phenomena of moral luck. She then turns to a discussion of how social and cultural structures influence both our characters and our perception of the world. She begins by discussing ways in which this theme plays a role in the work of Aristotle and John Stuart Mill. She then discusses recent empirical work on this question, including a body of anthropological and psychological literature that suggests that individuals raised in societies that are Western, educated, industrialized, rich, and democratic have highly atypical responses in a wide range of cases.
Sunstein, Selections from “Social Norms and Social Roles”
Henrich, Selections from “The Weirdest People in the World”
Ross, The Person and the Situation, pp. 27-58