MCDB 150 - Lecture 17 - Population in Modern China
Lecture 17 - Population in Modern China
Families lived together in traditional China and sons remained on the land; division of family land led to tiny plots and rural poverty. Because labor was so cheap, the country did not urbanize or mechanize. The Communist government started out with a pro-natal stance, but after experiencing the famine of the Great Leap Forward, moved strongly to fertility control. Fertility declined rapidly in the 1970s, but to counter momentum, the One-Child Policy was introduced in 1979-80. Nevertheless, population has now risen to over 1.3 billion.
Berelson, "A Study in Fertility Control."
Nie, "The One-Child Policy in Shanghai..."
Hertsgaard, "Our Real China Problem."