HIST 119 - Lecture 26 - Race and Reunion: The Civil War in American Memory

Lecture 26 - Race and Reunion: The Civil War in American Memory

Overview

Having dealt with the role of violence and the Supreme Court in bringing about the end of Reconstruction in his last lecture, Professor Blight now turns to the role of national electoral politics, focusing in particular on the off-year Congressional election of 1874 and the Presidential election of 1876. 1874 saw the return of the Democrats to majority status in the Senate and the House of Representatives, as voters sick of corruption and hurt by the Panic of 1873 fled the Republicans in droves. According to many historians, the contested election of 1876, and the "Compromise of 1877," which followed it, marked the official end of Reconstruction. After an election tainted by fraud and violence, Republicans and Democrats brokered a deal by which Republican Rutherford B. Hayes took the White House in exchange for restoration of "home rule" for the South.

Assignment

Nicholas Lemann, Redemption: The Last Battle of the Civil War

Eric Foner, A Short History of Reconstruction, 1863-1877, chapter 11, Epilogue, pp. 217-60

William Gienapp, Civil War and Reconstruction: A Documentary Collection, part 3, pp. 377-418

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