CHEM 125a - Lecture 15 - Chemical Reactivity: SOMO, HOMO, and LUMO

Lecture 15 - Chemical Reactivity: SOMO, HOMO, and LUMO

Overview

Professor McBride begins by using previous examples of "pathological" bonding and the BH3 molecule to illustrate how a chemist's use of localized bonds, vacant atomic orbitals, and unshared pairs to understand molecules compares with views based on the molecule's own total electron density or on computational molecular orbitals. This lecture then focuses on understanding reactivity in terms of the overlap of singly-occupied molecular orbitals (SOMOs) and, more commonly, of an unusually high-energy highest occupied molecular orbital (HOMO) with an unusually low-energy lowest unoccupied molecular orbital (LUMO). This is shown to be a generalization of the traditional concepts of acid and base. Criteria for assessing reactivity are outlined and illustrated.

Resources

Professor McBride's website resource for CHEM 125 (Fall 2008)

http://webspace.yale.edu/chem125_oyc/#L15

This website may include third-party materials pertaining to relevant topics, provided for the user's convenience. Yale does not control or take responsibility for the content of any off-site pages or linked sites.

Assignment

Reading assignments, problem sets, PowerPoint presentations, and other resources for this lecture can be accessed from Professor McBride's on-campus course website, which was developed for his Fall 2008 students. Please see Resources section below.

Course Media

Transcript

html

Audio

mp3

Low Bandwidth Video

mov [100MB]

High Bandwidth Video

mov [500MB]